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Positive Material Identification (P.M.I)


Positive Material Identification (PMI) is one of the more specialised non-destructive testing methods. With positive material identification the alloy composition of materials can be determined. If a material certificate is missing or it is not clear what the composition of a material is, then PMI offers the solution. Because specifications for materials used in industry are increasingly more specific, the need for PMI testing has been on an increase for the past several years. The XRF principle (x ray fluorescence) is one of the methods for PMI. Equipment used contains low radioactive sources (isotopes) or x-ray tubes. The exposed material reflects the radiation, generating energy. As every element has its own atomic structure, this reflection will generate a different energy level for every element. This energy is measured and detected, thus identifying the alloy elements.